[21] It also established the parliamentary form of government with Prime Minister as its head of government; the elected National Assembly genuinely representing the will of the people. Zain Sheikh & Associates, Advocates & Corporate Consultants. The state shall endeavour to strengthen the bonds of unity among, Islamic revisions were introduced into the, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 17:29. 250 B. The current Constitution of Pakistan contains more than 250 articles, and several important amendments. Shortly afterwards General Ayub Khan deposed Mirza and declared himself president.[15]. Click here for the full text of the 1976 AMENDMENTS to the 1973 Constitution During its first few years of existence the British monarch was also Pakistan's head of state, as is still the case in Canada, Australia etc. [12], The Constitution states that all laws are to conform with the injunctions of Islam as laid down in the Quran and Sunnah. [18] By 13 February 1971, the President Yahya announced that the National Assembly was to meet at Dhaka on 3 March 1971. Article 2 in Part I: Introductory of the Constitution of Pakistan: ", Article 1(1)–1(2) in Part I: Introductory of the Constitution of Pakistan, Article 1(3) in Part I: Introductory of the Constitution of Pakistan, Article 50(1)–89(3b) in Part III: Chapter 2: Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) of the Constitution of Pakistan, Article 41(1)–41(2) of Part III:Chapter 1: The President of the Constitution of Pakistan, Article 91(3) in Part III: Chapter 3: The Federal Government of the Constitution of Pakistan, Amendments to the Constitution of Pakistan, "Part III. 5. The 1973 constitution of Pakistan was adopted on April 12, 1973. [citation needed], The successful independence movement led the establishment of Pakistan, independent from the British Raj in 1947. [21] Several key ideas of the philosophy of John Locke and Islamic provisions on civil rights were interchanged in the Constitution. This constitution fully represents the ideology and democratic aspiration of the people of Pakistan and constitution is the supreme law of the land and it is considered as an instrument by which a Government can be run. [18] Due to disturbances in East Pakistan, no National Assembly session was called and the military moved into East Pakistan to control the situation. Article 251 of the Constitution says “arrangements shall be made for [Urdu] being used for official and other purposes within [next] fifteen years”. In a radio talk addressed to the people of Pakistan, broadcast in February 1948, Jinnah expressed his views regarding Pakistan's constitution-to-be in the following way: The Constitution of Pakistan is yet to be framed by the Pakistan Constituent Assembly, I do not know what the ultimate shape of the constitution is going to be, but I am sure that it will be of a democratic type, embodying the essential principles of Islam. The period of two years was expired on 6 th January 2017 hence this 23 rd Amendment was passed to re-establish the military courts for further two years till 6 th January 2019. The text of the Constitution has been updated. “Knowledge Is The New Currency” Spread The Word & Be a Part Of Education Revolution OUR VISION & MISSION: World Changers Are not born. B. It identifies the state (its physical existence and its borders), people and their fundamental rights, state's constitutional law and orders, and also the constitutional structure and establishment of the institutions and the country's armed forces. Representation in the National Assembly was based on population whereas in the Senate all the four provinces were given equal representation. in 1973 constitution of Pakistan Article 251 clearly specifies that: 251. Fundamental Rights are enshrined in the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The Constitution defined the role of Islam;[29] Pakistan was to be a Federation of Four Provinces and shall be known as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan;[30] introduction of check and balances, separation of powers, and provided the federal system under which the government should govern. The 1973 Constitution Of Pakistan This Constitution provided for a bi-cameral Legislature for the first time. Pakistan shall be known as "Islamic Republic of Pakistan." • Constitution Of 1956 Enforced On 23 March 1956 By Sikandar Mirza. Constitution of Pakistan 1973. 1973 Constitution. Answer: Option C. 2. (2) Subject to clause (1), the English language may be used for official purposes until arrangements are made for its replacement by Urdu. Pakistan is home to many dozens of languages spoken as first languages. See more ideas about constitution of pakistan, constitution, pakistan. Language. Five languages have more than 10 million speakers each in Pakistan – Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Saraiki and Urdu. January 6, 2015: Constitution (Twenty First Amendment) Bill, 2015 - passed by the National Assembly and Senate on January 6, 2015. By far the largest change to the Constitution was the Eighteenth Amendment made in 2010 which reversed these expansions of presidential powers, returning the government to a parliamentary republic, and also defined any attempt to subvert, abrogate, or suspend the constitution as an act of high treason.[60]. No further changes were carried out to oppose the 1956 document. - The Express Tribune", "National Assembly of Pakistan on Twitter", Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Constitution_of_Pakistan&oldid=994809997, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Constitutional federal parliamentary republic. [7] Amendments to the Constitution are made through the Parliament, where a Two-thirds majority and voting is required in both houses for a constitutional amendment to take its effect, in accordance to the Constitution. [22][23], The Constitution ultimately established a bicameral Parliament, with the National Assembly as the lower house and the Senate as the upper house. [citation needed], Another major innovative introduction in the Constitution is the establishment of the National Finance Commission (NFC) consisting of the Provincial and Finance Ministers and other members to advice on distribution of revenues between the federation and the provinces. The Constitution The constitution of Pakistan 1973 was enforced on 14th Aug 1973. ( Log Out /  (2) Subject to clause (1), the English language may be used for official purposes until arrangements are made for … National language.-(1) The National language of Pakistan is Urdu, and arrangements shall be made for its being used for official and other purposes within fifteen years from the commencing day. Under public pressure, Mirza upheld the coup d'état in 1958, thus virtually suspending the constitution. [21] Unlike earlier attempts, the convention was not meant for new laws or piecemeal alterations, but for the "sole and express purpose of revising the 1956 articles. JUDICIARY AND LAW MCQS; 1. Watch Queue Queue. [35] The Constitution also introduced a new institution known as the "Council of Common Interests" consisting of Chief Minister of each four provinces and an equal number of Cabinet ministers of the Government nominated by the Prime Minister. In a radio talk addressed to the people of Pakistan, broadcast in February 1948, Jinnah expressed his views regarding Pakistan's constitution-to-be in the following way: Prevent prostitution, gambling and consumption of alcohol, printing, publication, circulation, pornography, and display of. Under pressure by the PPP, President Yahya postponed the National Assembly session on 25 March which came as a shattering disillusionment to the AL and their supporters throughout East Pakistan. MCQs Constitution of Pakistan 1973 enforced on 14 August 1973 as said as By-Cameral law in Pakistan. In the constitution of 1973 the powers were reasonable. [18] The civil disobedience movement turned into an armed liberation movement backed by India. [11], The 1973 constitution was the first in Pakistan to be framed by elected representatives. In case of complaint of interference in water supply by any province the Council would look into the complaint. The Constitution of 1973 After taking control of the government in 1971.. CSS :: Pakistan Constitution 1973 @ : Home > Judiciary And Law > Pakistan Constitution 1973. 1. Constitution of 1973 was authenticated and published in the official Gazette on: A. Enabling of living life, culture, and customs of Muslims, individually or collectively, in accordance with the fundamental principles and basic concepts of Islam. Increased the term appointed for quota system as per 1973 Constitution from 20 to 40 years. April, 1973 and the Assembly published the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. 251. In 1950, Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan authored the first annexe that would pave a path to the drafting of the Constitution. It also institutionalised the intervention of military in politics by providing that for twenty years, the president or the defence minister must be a person who had held a rank not lower than that of lieutenant-general in the army. The text of the Constitution has been updated. [6] The 1973 Constitution also created certain institutions such as the Shariat Court and the Council of Islamic Ideology to channel the interpretation and application of Islam. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Background 2. The 1973 constitution of Pakistan is a rigid constitution but it is not so rigid like that of US Constitution. The first Article of the Constitution declares Pakistan as a Federal Republic to be known as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.. The most comprehensive and up-to-date application, containing a complete list of articles and amendments from 1973 to 2019 (New amendments will be added as soon as they are available in urdu officially). It is worth mentioning that upon approval of the Constitution in 1973, Balochistan kept Urdu as its official language. [11] Pakistan's second constitution was approved in 1962. This Eighth Edition, which is intended to provide an updated [37] The Constitution's first parts introduce the Islamic way of life, promotion of local government, full participation of women in national life, protection of minorities, promotion of social and economic well being of the people, and strengthening the bonds with the Muslim world and to work for international peace. C. 12th April, 1973. Amendments in 1973 constitution Redefined the boundaries of Pakistan and removed references to East Pakistan. First part of the Constitution introduced the definition of State, the idea of life, liberty and property, individual equality, prohibition of slavery, preservation of languages, right to fair trial, and provided safeguard as to arrest and detention as well as providing safeguards against discrimination in services. Since then, a number of amendments have been made therein and it has become necessary and expedient that an up-to-date and [16] Its features includes: President Ayub Khan invited Chief of Army Staff General Yahya Khan to enforce the martial law in the country. Islam shall be the state religion of Pakistan… The Constitution of 1973. ( Log Out /  [18] Over the six-point issue, the PPP was convinced that a federation based on the six points would lead to a feeble confederation in name only and was part of a larger Indian plan to break up and destroy Pakistan. The country's 1973 constitution mandated the … Constitution Of Pakistan 1973 In Urdu. All existing laws shall be brought in conformity with the injunctions of Islam as laid down in the Quran and Sunnah and no law shall be enacted which is repugnant to such injunctions. [21] The fundamental rights, freedoms of speech, religion, press, movement, association, thought, and intellectual, life, liberty and property and right to bear arms were introduced in the new Constitution. 1956 Constitution 1962 Constitution 1973 Constitution Presidential Powers: In the constitution of 1956 the powers were reasonable. The Objectives Resolution affirmed the role of democracy and contained religious provisions to enable society to adhere to the teachings of the Quran and Sunnah. With India successfully intervening in the conflict, the Pakistan military surrendered to the Indian military and almost 93,000 military personnel were taken as prisoners of war on 16 December 1971. The constitution will be framed on the basis of the six points".[18]. Salient features of 1973 constitution of pakistan pdf Following are the salient features of the 1973 Constitution of Pakistan. [16] It was promulgated on 8 June 1962. Its features were: By the constitution, Iskander Mirza assumed the presidency but his constant involvement in national affairs, as opposed to Constitution, dismissed four elected prime ministers in two years. CSS :: Pakistan Constitution 1973 @ : Home > Judiciary And Law > Pakistan Constitution 1973. [36] The Council could formulate and regulate the policy in the Part II of the Legislative List. The 1956 constitution prescribed the use of English (the administrative language during the colonial period) for official purposes for 20 years, and the 1962 constitution made that use indefinite. Discuss the salient features of the 1973 Constitution of Pakistan. [18] It was seen as a betrayal and as proof of the authorities of the Pakistan to deny them the fruits of their electoral victory. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. PAKISTAN CONTENTS 1. State Religion. 251 C. 252 D. 253. They cannot be removed from service before the end of their term except on the recommendation of the Supreme Judicial Council. The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Urdu: آئین پاکستان), also known as the 1973 Constitution, is the supreme law of Pakistan. [6], The Parliament cannot make any laws which may be repugnant or contrary to the Constitution, however the Constitution itself may be amended by a two-thirds majority in both the houses of the bicameral Parliament, unlike the previous legal documents of 1956 and 1962. By this time the differences between the main parties to the conflict had already crystallized. 13. 2. The text of the Constitution will be updated once the President's Assent has been received. [24] On the same day, the successful vote of confidence movement in the Parliament endorsed Zulfikar Bhutto as the elected Prime Minister after latter relinquishing the presidency after appointing Fazal-i-Ilahi to that office. 12th May, 1973: C. 12th April, 1973 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum. [62], Laws exempted from the operation of Article 8(1), 8(2), 8(3b), and 8(4). [58] In addition to this, certain amendments which pertain to the federal nature of the Constitution must be ratified by a majority of state legislatures. Pakistan is situated in South Asia and due to its atomic programme it is one of the most important third world countries. In contrast to the constitutions of India and Bangladesh, the Constitution reflected a heavy compromise over several issues to maintain a delicate balance of power among the country's institutions. [31][32] The Constitution put stipulation on the eligibility of becoming President and Prime Minister that only "Muslim" of not less than forty-five years of age[33] and is qualified for becoming the Prime Minister. After East Pakistan declared its independence in 1971, becoming the new state Bangladesh, Ali Bhutto took over the presidency and established a new constitution on 14 August 1973, current to date. Before writing a constitution, a Constituent Assembly passed the Objectives Resolution, on the insistence of the ulama and Jamaat-e-Islami, in March 1949 to define the basic directive principles of the new state and to declare state recognition of the sovereignty of Allah over the universe. [The 1973 Constitution was ratified on January 17, 1973 in accordance with Presidential Proclamation No. 1973 Constitution of Pakistan. Defined a Muslim and declared the status of Ahmadis as minority and 'non-Muslim' The bill was passed to Extend the period of preventive detention. 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