Agra also has a nearby bird sanctuary, Keetham Lake. [104][105], Due to the presence of the Taj Mahal and other historic monuments, Agra has a booming tourism industry as well as royal crafts like Pietra Dura, marble inlay and carpets. The city's groundwater is also unfit for drinking, and is saline and high in fluoride content. The sectors worst-hit are the iron foundries, tourism, leather shoe industry in Agra. This was the first time power distribution was privatised in Uttar Pradesh, except for Noida-Greater Noida falling under the NCR. [15] Sultan Sikandar Lodi, the Muslim ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, shifted his capital to Agra in the year 1504, and is thus regarded as the founder of Agra. Fondly known as the ‘City of the Taj’, Agra is a must- visit city on any tour of India. Verses of the Quran are inscribed on it and at the top of the gate are 22 small domes, signifying the number of years the monument took to build. An Agra craftsman working with marble stone inlays. The stage shone brilliant and the heritage city breathed life. The region is also watered by the Agra Canal. Lee comentarios de clientes y escoge el mejor hotel para tu estancia. Agra district comes under the Agra Police Zone and Agra Police Range, Agra Zone is headed by an additional director general (ADG)-ranked Indian Police Service (IPS) officer, and the Agra Range is headed by a deputy inspector general (DIG)-ranked IPS officer. [51][52], The city features mild winters, hot and dry summers and a monsoon season. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The tomb has seen some damage to its minarets and other aspects, which was inflicted by the Jats of Bharatpur. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahān built it for his favourite wife, Mumtāz Maḥal, in the mid-17th century. This minor victory for the British was named the Battle of Agra. Sikander Lodi selected the site and named it Agra. The city that nurtured the likes of Ghalib, Tansen, Surdas, Nazeer and many more. On 5 July, the British force stationed there attempted to attack an approaching force of Mutineers, but was defeated, and the British retreated back into the fort. The new semi-high speed train Gatimaan Express that reduces travel time between Delhi and Agra began in April 2016. The weather grows cold again by the middle of October. Agra-Delhi Semi-High Speed Train – Gatimaan Express, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, The Institute of Mental Health and Hospital, List of twin towns and sister cities in India, "BJP wins post of Agra mayor for fifth consecutive time", "Uttar Pradesh (India): State, Major Agglomerations & Cities – Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information", "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India", "Cities in India with population more than 100,000", The Age of Wrath: A History of the Delhi Sultanate, Persian Poetry at the Indian Frontier: Masʻŝud Saʻd Salmân of Lahore, "City of Agra under the Mughal from 1526-1707", "The 1837-38 famine in U.P. Both sources breach CPCB standards. A complex mausoleum, the Taj Mahal is often considered to be the world’s best example of Mughal architecture. Book your railway tickets conveniently with just a few taps on the Cleartrip app or website. Agra ranks 4th in the All India ranking of upcoming Smart Cities, a fact that was repeatedly pointed out by the Union Minister of State for Urban Development Hardeep Singh Puri, who was in Agra this week to participate in a meeting of industrial … The Taj Mahal has become a symbol of India and its soft power. Agra is a giant footwear manufacturing hub, the largest in the country. The most elegant and largest dome of the Taj Mahal has a diameter of 60 feet (18 m), and has a height of 80 feet (24 m); directly under this dome is the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal. The lake has nearly two dozen varieties of migratory and resident birds. The estimated cost of the project will be Rs 8,379.62 crore and it will be completed in five years. Others derive it from Hindu mythology claiming that the Sanskrit word agra (अग्र) which means the first of the many groves and little forests where Krishna frolicked with the gopis of Vrindavan. The name Agra is explained by three different derivations. Agra's role in the Indian Independence movement is not well documented. Designed by the Persian architect, Ustad Ahmad Lahori, the Taj Mahal is on the south bank of the Yamuna River. It was believed that it is formally founded by Mughal Emperor. The urban agglomeration of Agra has a population of 1,760,285. [30], During the Indian rebellion of 1857, when East India Company rule across many parts of India was threatened, the news of the mutiny at Meerut reached Agra on 14 May. In the British era, Agra became a great centre of Hindi literature with people like Babu Gulab Rai at the helm. Other para-transit modes include rickshaws. The interiors are decorated with fine Pietra dura inlay work, incorporating semi-precious stones. On each corner are hexagonal towers, about thirteen metres (43 feet) tall. [19] Shah Jahan, known for his keen interest in architecture, gave Akbarabad (Agra) its most prized monument, the Taj Mahal. [69] Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. She is in the state of Uttar Pradesh but is not the capital of the state. Agra district administration is headed by the district magistrate and collector (DM) of Agra, who is an IAS officer. Tomb of Iʿtimād al-Dawlah, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. This festival, an attempt to rejuvenate that aesthetic spirit which is a soul of this historically rich city, Agra. [97] Since a large portion of the water demand is fulfilled from the Yamuna river, which is a highly polluted river, water quality in Agra is usually poor, with unhealthy levels of chlorine required for purification. [146] Other widely read papers include Amar Ujala, Rajasthan Patrika,Aaj, Hindustan,The Sea Express, "daily Amar Bharti", Deepsheel Bharat, DLA. [32] The mutineers, however, moved over to Delhi, it being a more important attraction for the rebels. There are three main railway stations in Agra: Agra Cantt, Raja Ki Mandi, and Agra Fort. [31], However, when the Gwalior contingent mutinied on 15 June, all other native units followed. The Chini Ka Rauza, notable for its Persian influenced dome of blue glazed tiles, is dedicated to the prime minister of Shah Jahan, Afzal Khan. Previously known as Akbarabad, Agra was the capital of the Mughal Empire under the Mughal Emperors Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan. The English dailies published are The Times of India, Hindustan Times, Economic Times, and The Pioneer. Janamashtami commemorates the birthday of Lord Krishna. However, there is an improbability underlying this story, it being that common people, specially during the age of the Lodis did not speak in Sanskrit.[12][13]. Queen Victori's bronze statues are also displayed in this Museum. [46] Agra is about 210 km away from the National capital of New Delhi(via Yamuna Expressway),[47] about 336 km from state capital Lucknow(via Agra-Lucknow Expressway),[48] and about 227 km from Kanpur(via Agra-Lucknow Expressway). The new capital city was later abandoned.[18]. But this exists in the form of cottage industries. The Jama Masjid is a large mosque attributed to Shah Jahan's daughter Jahanara Begum, built in 1648, notable for its unusual dome and absence of minarets. [130][131][132], The fort is a typical example of Mughal architecture, effectively showing how the North Indian style of fort construction differed from that of the South. It is said to have originated from Shah Jahan's royal kitchen. [74] Hinduism, Islam and Jainism are the major religions in Agra city with 80.7%, 15.4% and 1.0% of the population adhering to them; others are 2.9%. Taj Mahal has also been visited by Russian President Vladimir Putin (1999), Chinese President Hu Jintao (2006), Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (2018) and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau (2018).[43]. Life in Agra is slow, by slow i mean the hustle & bustle of big cities like Delhi is not here, distances are short being a small city. There are about 12 major and medium scale industries, producing electrical goods, pipes, leather goods etc. The forbidding exteriors of this fort conceal an inner paradise. Agra is one of the famous cities in India where I live. History of Agra City. Every year a new locality is chosen in Agra and is elaborately decorated with lights & flowers. It was during the advent of the Mughal era that Agra grew as a centre of Islamic education. The year 2019 was the 28th year of this Mahotsav. ), Idgah Bus Stand, Taj Depot and Fort Depot are the major bus stands in Agra, connecting Agra to most of the bigger cities in northern India. [113][114], As of August 2020, Industrial activity in Agra has been affected as a result of the restrictions imposed due to the COVID-19 pandemic that has forced people to remain confined to their homes. [41][42] Post Independence, Taj Mahal has been visited by world leaders like US Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower (1959), Bill Clinton (2000), and Donald Trump (2020). [116], Agra amassed a GDP of 40,210 crores as per the data released by UP Government for the year 2018–19, thus the 3rd rank in the state. Rail India Technical and Economic Service (RITES) had proposed 30 stations, 11 underground and 19 elevated, for two corridors of the Metro Rail in the city. Finished in marble, it is one of India's many beautiful monuments and is set amidst landscaped gardens. Ram Barat (Hindi: राम बारात) is a part of Ramlila celebration in Agra. [79], The development of infrastructure in the city is overseen by Agra Development Authority (ADA), which comes under the Department of Housing and Urban Planning of the Uttar Pradesh government. [98] To provide the city with adequate water supply, the Gangajal pipeline project has been initiated. [49] The city has an average elevation of 170 metres above sea level. The fair is held in a big field in Shilpgram, near the eastern gate of the Taj Mahal. It has a total perimeter of 2.4 kilometres (1.5 mi), and is ringed by double castellated ramparts of red sandstone punctuated at regular intervals by bastions. [82][83][84][85] The district magistrate of Agra reports to the divisional commissioner. Omissions? Agra, city, western Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. The marble is coloured red to give contrast while working. The museum-cum-public library is housed in an old heritage structure, built in 1922 and renovated in the 1940s. Pop. [1] Agra can also refer to the administrative district that has its headquarters in Agra city. Agra (/ ˈ ɑː ɡ r ə / ()) is a city on the banks of the Yamuna river in the Agra district of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Mahmud however proceeded to pillage the city. Learn why Mughal emperor Shah Jahān decided to build the Taj Mahal. [9] It is 206 kilometres (128 mi) south of the national capital New Delhi. Cabs in Agra . Built in loving memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, the mausoleum was completed in 1653. [118][119] In the Smart city Rankings, which are pan-India rankings for 100 cities which is released by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs based on the progress/completion rate of Smart City projects, Agra ranked 1st, based on the rankings released based on work done by department concerned under the Smart City project from 1 October 2019, to 1 March 2020.[120][121]. Agra is home to the Dainik Jagran newspaper, the most read Hindi newspaper in India. It is such a beautiful city where anyone would love to live. [137] The Aram Bagh, commonly known as Ram Bagh today, is one of the oldest Mughal garden in India, and was built by the Mughal emperor Babur in 1528 on the bank of the Yamuna. Notable buildings in the fort include the Pearl Mosque or Moti Masjid, the Diwan-i-Am and Diwan-i-Khas (halls of public and private audience), Jahangir's Palace, Khas Mahal, Shish Mahal (mirrored palace), and the Musamman Burj.[129]. With a population of 1,686,976 (2010 est. THE EMERGENCE OF AGRA AS A CAPITAL AND A CITY: A NOTE ON ITS SPATIAL AND HISTORICAL BACKGROUND DURING THE SIXTEENTH AND SEVENTEENTH CENTURIES BY K.K. [53] The monsoon rains usually begin in the first week in July; and generally end in mid-September. The 99 names of Allah have been inscribed on the tomb. 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